Biodiversity and the challenge of pluralism

Publicado en Nature Sustainability volume 4, pages 567–572

Pascual U., Adams W. M.,  Díaz S., Lele S., Mace G.M., Turnhout E.

Año de publicación 2021
  • Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3), Leioa, Spain.
  • Basque Foundation for Science (Ikerbasque), Bilbao, Spain.
  • Centre for Development and Environment, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
  • Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
  • Centre for International Environmental Studies, The Graduate Institute, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal (IMBIV), CONICET, Córdoba,
  • Argentina. 7FCEFyN, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina.
  • Centre for Environment & Development, ATREE, Bengaluru, India.
  • University College London, London, UK.
  • Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
  • the Basque Centre for 519 Climate Change &lsquo&lsquoUnit of Excellence&rdquo (Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness 520 MDM-2017-0714).
  • the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research 521 (IAI SDG 090),
  • CONICET and Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.
  • the 522 NERC-Formas-DBT project &lsquoNature4SDGs&rsquo (BT/IN/TaSE/73/SL/2018-19)
Proyecto SDG-090
PDFBiodiversity and the challenge of pluralism.pdf


The lack of progress in reversing the declining global trend in biodiversity is partly due to a mismatch between how living nature is conceived and valued by the conservation movement on the one hand, and by many different people, including marginalized communities, on the other. Addressing this problem calls for a pluralistic perspective on biodiversity. This requires consideration of the use of the concept of biodiversity, willingness to expand its ambit, and engagement with the multiple and multi-level drivers of change. We propose ways for conservation science, policy and practice to deliver more effective and socially just conservation outcomes.