Harnessing the diversity of small-scale actors is key to the future of aquatic food systems

Publicado en Nature Food v. 2:733–741 (2021)

Short, R.E., Gelcich, S., Little, D.C. et al.

Año de publicación 2021
DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-021-00363-0

Rebecca E. Short 1,27 ✉, Stefan Gelcich 2,27, David C. Little 3,27, Fiorenza Micheli 4,5,27, Edward H. Allison 6, Xavier Basurto 7, Ben Belton6,8, Cecile Brugere9, Simon R. Bush 10, Ling Cao11, Beatrice Crona 1,12, Philippa J. Cohen 6,13, Omar Defeo14, Peter Edwards15, Caroline E. Ferguson16, Nicole Franz17, Christopher D. Golden 18, Benjamin S. Halpern 19,20, Lucie Hazen4, Christina Hicks 21, Derek Johnson 22, Alexander M. Kaminski 2, Sangeeta Mangubhai23, Rosamond L. Naylor 24, Melba Reantaso17, U. Rashid Sumaila 25, Shakuntala H. Thilsted6, Michelle Tigchelaar 4, Colette C. C. Wabnitz 4,25 and Wenbo Zhang 26

1Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. 2Instituto Milenio en Socio-ecologia Costera & Center of Applied Ecology and
Sustainability, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. 3Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK. 4Stanford Center for
Ocean Solutions, Stanford University, Pacific Grove, CA, USA. 5Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, Pacific Grove, CA, USA. 6WorldFish, Batu
Maung, Malaysia. 7Duke University, Beaufort, NC, USA. 8Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics, Michigan State University, East
Lansing, MI, USA. 9Soulfish Research & Consultancy, Stillingfleet, UK. 10Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands. 11School of Oceanography, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. 12Global Economic Dynamics and the Biosphere, Royal Swedish Academy of Science, Stockholm, Sweden. 13ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia. 14Facultad de Ciencias, Montevideo, Uruguay. 15School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Khlong Luang, Thailand. 16School of Earth, Energy, and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA. 17Fisheries Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. 18Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. 19National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA. 20Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA. 21Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK. 22Department of Anthropology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. 23Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, NY, USA. 24Department of Earth System Science and Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA. 25Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. 26College of Fisheries and Life Science, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, P.R. China.

These authors contributed equally: Rebecca E. Short, Stefan Gelcich, David C. Little, Fiorenza Micheli.

  • Builders Initiative, the MAVA Foundation, the Oak Foundation and the Walton Family Foundation, and has benefited from the intellectual input of the wider group of scientists leading other components of the BFA.
  • CGIAR Research Program (CRP) on Fish Agri Food Systems (FISH), led by WorldFish and contributing to the WorldFish 2030 Research and Innovation Strategy: Aquatic Foods for Healthy People and Planet and the One CGIAR. The programme is supported by contributors to the CGIAR Trust Fund.
  • ANID-Iniciativa Cientifica Milenio ICN2019_015, ANID-PIA/Basal FB 0002 (for S.G.)
  • the GAIN project has received funding from the European Union&rsquos Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement number 773330 (for D.C.L.)
  • National Science Foundation DEB121244 and BioOce 1736830 (for F.M.) the
  • Nippon Foundation Ocean Nexus Program, Earthlab, University of Washington (for E.H.A.)
  • the Erling-Persson Family Foundation (for B.C.)
  • the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (for O.D.)
  • the National Science Foundation (CNH 1826668) and the John and Katie Hansen Family Foundation (for C.D.G.)
  • the European Research Council (grant number 759457) (for C.H.)
  • iFISH programme from China Blue Sustainability Institute (for W.Z.).
Proyecto SGPHW-017
PDFShort et al Suppl Mat_SGPHW-017.pdf


Small-scale fisheries and aquaculture (SSFA) provide livelihoods for over 100 million people and sustenance for ~1 billion people, particularly in the Global South. Aquatic foods are distributed through diverse supply chains, with the potential to be highly adaptable to stresses and shocks, but face a growing range of threats and adaptive challenges. Contemporary governance assumes homogeneity in SSFA despite the diverse nature of this sector. Here we use SSFA actor profiles to capture the key dimensions and dynamism of SSFA diversity, reviewing contemporary threats and exploring opportunities for the SSFA sector. The heuristic framework can inform adaptive governance actions supporting the diversity and vital roles of SSFA in food systems, and in the health and livelihoods of nutritionally vulnerable people&mdashsupporting their viability through appropriate policies whilst fostering equitable and sustainable food systems.