|Publicado en||Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, v. 9–10:73-81|
Bustamante, M., Martinelli, L.A., Ometto, J.P.H.B., do Carmo, J.B., Jaramillo, V., Gavito, M.E., Araujo, P.I., Austin, A.T., Pérez, T. and Marquina, S.
|Año de publicación||2014|
•Latin America can significantly contribute to the mitigation of N2O emissions.
•Mitigation of N2O emissions from agriculture requires an integrated approach.
•Major goals include the evaluation of N2O sources and technological innovation.
Latin America encompasses a dizzying array of ecosystems and socioeconomic models, and the region will be highly vulnerable to the projected impacts of climate change in the next century. At the same time, Latin America can significantly contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions within a sustainable development framework. Land use conversion with associated biomass burning, agriculture with N fertilizers and animal waste are the main anthropogenic sources of nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions in the region, and have increased markedly in the last decades. Effective sustainable management for the mitigation of N2O emissions requires the proper evaluation of all sources, many of which are still roughly estimated or unknown, testing alternatives to reduce primary sources, and technological innovation for higher resource-use efficiency within the farm. Current barriers might be overcome through policies that support sustainable practices that reduce negative environmental impacts and simultaneously maintaining ecosystem function and services.