Technology, nature’s appropriation and capital accumulation in modern agriculture

Publicado en Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability

Gras C., Cáceres D. M .

Año de publicación 2020
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) and IDAES-Universidad de San Martín. Av. 25 de Mayo 1021, San Martín, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) and Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias - Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (FCA-UNC). Av. Valparaiso s/n, Ciudad Univesitaria, X5000, Córdoba, Argentina


Proyecto SGP-HW090


Framed by efficiency and productivity narratives, technological innovations are conceived as the inexorable pathway to agricultural development, obscuring the associated appropriation of ecological surpluses and depletion of natural resources. In the past two decades, increasing food, energy and animal feed global demands, have hasted capitalization, pushing the exhaustion of ecosystems to new thresholds that compromise the ecological bases of capital accumulation. Likewise, the hegemonic technological-led path of development is confronted by political contestation and competing framings. Here we aim to understand how current technological innovations address the questioning of agriculture&rsquos sustainability. We are interested both on the solutions that are put forward to expand capital accumulation and on the narratives that allow to recast and legitimate actors and processes in industrial agriculture.