Towards usable climate science: Informing decisions and provision of climate services to the agriculture and water sectors of southeastern South America (CRN 3035)

servMeteo

Project information

Cecilia Hidalgo (cecil.hidalgo@gmail.com)
Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Nov 2012/ Oct 2017, USD 765,499
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, USA


Results Outreach Investigators Students Executive summary

Results

This is a summary of the most salient project results. For further information see the project website, project papers or contact the investigators directly.

The team established a quality controlled (QC) weather database to develop climate information products for stakeholders. The project now implemented automatic data updating and preliminary checking every 10 days. The Met Services in the Regional Climate Center for Southern South America (CRC-SAS) ftp their data to the site. The Intergovernmental Committee for the La Plata Basin (CIC) plans to expand this database with a regional hydrological information system.

Published procedures used for QC scripts are implemented in R to make the process open access. Among the QC procedures, spatial tests that use information from neighboring weather stations are most effective. Records flagged as “suspicious” are being verified against official climate records in each country. Corrections are done, without overwriting original, erroneous values. The use of 5 methods for missing data imputation, followed by an “ensemble” calculation taking the mean or median provide more reliable interpolations than any single method.

Data were used for drought maps based on the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI). 4 other drought indicators:
1) the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI),
2) precipitation deciles,
3) categories of precipitation levels from Brazil’s INMET, and
4) the percentage of normal precipitation,
automatically determine the timing, duration, and intensity of droughts or water excess. Indices calculated for 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 and 36 months provided animated spatial time-series of droughts.

Linking the meteorological database of the CRC-SAS with crop models allowed yield forecasts for 14 locations in the Argentine Pampas using climate-crop models that include observed data up to the day of the forecast. Correlations between accumulated moisture, consecutive days without rain, and yield in specific regions provided input for index insurance calculations, but also showed the need for a better network of weather stations. Alternative satellite-derived precipitation estimates are being validated and the use of the Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS) to develop soil-moisture monitoring indices is being evaluated.

Integration with long-term weather data showed: opposite phases of the main modes of SST anomalies produce differences larger than 50% in monthly precipitation, with a greater relative impact of the interdecadal oscillations on the extremes of daily rainfall than on moderate rainfall ranges. There were predictable differences between Central and East ENSO influence on La Plata Basin precipitation. Intraseasonal Madden-Julian (MJO) anomalies over South America are important for heavy rainfall over the South Atlantic convergence zone. Management of climate risks and opportunities requires an enhanced capacity to “translate” such climate information and predictions into sector-specific information. This work relied heavily on individual and institutional networking to join expertises.

The monitoring and analysis of the dynamics of cooperation and collaborative production of knowledge between scientists (social and natural) and stakeholders around the provision of climate services in SESA by the recently launched RCC-SSA is a hallmark of the project, in a context where rapid changes in demand for usable and relevant climate information at regional level urge the improvement of governance practices and the promotion of a deeper sectoral involvement.

Outreach

IAI research project involved in the creation of a drought early-warning system for southern South America





equipo-iai-2New bridges for the exchange of knowledge Maria Ines Carabajal, a PhD student in an IAI project, shares her experience with the Institute and the opportunities that opened for her.



MIOLO_Mudanas_Clim‡ticas_Web.inddHow to communicate climate change? The CRED Guide: The Psychology of Climate Change Communication is available in Portuguese thanks to the joint efforts by this CRN and the network on communication between science and policy (CRN 3106)


PrintThe collaborative initiative JASMIN (Joint Assessment of Soil Moisture Indicators) is a joint effort to advance soil-moisture estimations and address the needs of users, particularly in the agriculture sector.

Development of water excess/deficit soil-moisture-related indices for application in the agricultural and cattle sector

Lead: Andrea Celeste Saulo
Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y de la Atmósfera (CIMA), Buenos Aires

This project on climate services focuses on an under-addressed variable: soil moisture. The assumption is the existence of soil-atmosphere coupling, particularly in some areas of the Pampas region and at moments when climate indices such as El Niño and La Niña are in neutral phase. The project examines how surface status affects rainfall occurrence. The expected product is a water excess/deficit index based on soil moisture information derived from the Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS). The index is expected to be more sound than the existing ones and to have direct application in agricultural decision-making in the Argentine Pampas and the south of South America.

Project investigators

Cecilia Hidalgo (cecil.hidalgo@gmail.com)
Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Alice Grimm (grimm@fisica.ufpr.br)
Universidade Federal do Parana, Brazil

Dirceu Herdiez (dirceu.herdies@cptec.inpe.br)
CPTEC, Brazil

Renzo Taddei (renzotaddei@gmail.com)
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Julian Baez (baez.julian@gmail.com)
Dirección Nacional de Meteorología, Paraguay

María Helena Fernández Long (flong@agro.uba.ar)
Facultad de Agronomía, UBA, Argentina

Roberto De Ruyver (rderuyver@cnia.inta.gov.ar)
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INTA), Argentina

Daniel Lema (danilema@correo.inta.gov.ar)
INTA Instituto de Economía y Sociología, Argentina

Mónica Marino (marino@smn.gov.ar)
Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, Argentina

Ángel Menendez (angel.menendez@speedy.com.ar)
Instituto Nacional del Agua, Argentina

Sandra Occhiuzzi (socchi@minagri.gob.ar)
Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario, Argentina

Fernando Ruiz Toranzo (fruiztoranzo@crea.org.ar)
AACREA, Argentina

Celeste Saulo (saulo@cima.fcen.uba.ar)
Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, UBA, Argentina

Maria Skansi (mms@smn.gov.ar)
Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, Argentina

Hernan Urcola (hurcola@balcarce.inta.gov.ar)
INTA Balcarce, Argentina

Mauricio Fernandes (mauricio@cnpt.embrapa.br)
EMBRAPA Passo Fundo, Brazil

Lauro Guimaraes Fortes (lauro.fortes@inmet.gov.br)
Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia, Brazil

Antonio Divino Moura (diretor.inmet@inmet.gov.br)
Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia, Brazil

Wellington Pavan (pavan@upf.br)
Universidade do Passo Fundo, Brazil

Fabricio Silva (fabricio.silva@inmet.gov.br)
Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia, Brazil

Hector Causarano (hector.causarano@agr.una.py)
Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay

Edgar Mayeregger (shalom19@gmail.com)
Ministerio de Agricultura, Paraguay

Max Pasten (maxpasten@gmail.com)
Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay

Hugo Berbery (berbery@atmos.umd.edu)
University of Maryland, USA

Guillermo Podesta (gpodesta@rsmas.miami.edu)
University of Miami, USA

Students

Alexandre Arias, Undergraduate, Universidade Federal do Parana, Brazil
Ana Lugo, Undergraduate, Universidad Catolica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, Paraguay
Andrea Samudio, Undergraduate, Universidad Catolica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, Paraguay
Anna Paula Peres, PHD, Universidad Federal de San Pablo, Brazil
Beatriz C. Bispo, Undergraduate, Universidade Federal do Parana, Brazil
Caroline B. Gama, Undergraduate, Universidade Federal do Parana, Brazil
Cristian Salinas, Undergraduate, Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay
Diana Benitez, Undergraduate, Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay
Edith Ruth Diaz, Undergraduate, Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay
Eduardo M. Machado, Undergraduate, Universidade Federal do Parana, Brazil
Eladio Javier Torres, Undergraduate, Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay
Fabricio Schiavon Kolberg, Undergraduate, Universidade Federal do Parana, Brazil
Fiorella Oreggioni, Undergraduate, Universidad Catolica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, Paraguay
Gisele P. Martins, Undergraduate, Universidade Federal do Parana, Brazil
Joao Gerd Z. de Mathos, PHD, Centro de Previsão de Tempo e Estudos Climáticos, Brazil
Jose Manuel Mazo, Undergraduate, Universidad Catolica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, Paraguay
Leandro Sgroi, PHD, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Argentina
Luis Alberto Blacutt Benavides, PHD, CPTEC, Bolivia
Maria Ines Carabajal, PHD, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Michael Wesley Sabino Da Silva, Undergraduate, Universidade Federal do Parana, Brazil
Nathalia Clyo Rizzo de Freitas Neves, Universidad Federal de Sao Paulo, Brazil
Nicole C. Laureanti, Undergraduate, Universidade Federal do Parana, Brazil
Omar Muller, PHD, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Argentina
Pablo Spenneman, PHD, CIMA-CONICET, Argentina
Pamela Scanio, Undergraduate, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Regina Aguilera, PHD, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Ricardo Pereira, Undergraduate, Universidad Autonoma de Asuncion, Paraguay
Ruth Escobar, Undergraduate, Universidad Catolica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, Paraguay

Executive summary

Climate variability and change affect a variety of societal sectors, regions and issues − including sustainable development, poverty mitigation and food security. Decision makers at many levels–households, communities, regions and countries– will need usable information that combines state-of-the-art climate science with an integrative understanding of the dynamics of affected social-ecological systems. Existing institutional arrangements seem insufficient to provide the comprehensive and credible knowledge needed. Thus there is growing interest in “climate services” − defined as “the timely production and delivery of useful climate data, information, and knowledge to decision makers.”

The objectives of this project are to: (i) conduct research and outreach to inform resilient decision-making in climate-sensitive sectors such as agricultural production and water resources management in southeastern South America, one of the major food-producing regions in the world, and (ii) facilitate sustainable societal adaptation to a shifting and changing climate. Project activities are organized around four main research foci: (1) the production, interpretation, assessment, and synthesis of diagnostic and forecast climate information on multiple time scales; (2) “tailoring,” communication, and dissemination of that information; (3) “translation” of climate information into plausible impacts and outcomes (including ranges of uncertainty or credibility) of viable adaptive actions in agricultural production and water management; (4) exploration of the institutional structures needed to support the provision of climate services.

Since the early stages of the project, a wide range of relevant stakeholders will work closely with CRN researchers at universities and mission-oriented agencies in designing the agenda and outreach. The research will be tightly interwoven with educational and outreach programs designed to train versatile scientists and practitioners able to work comfortably in interdisciplinary teams, navigate the interface between science and society, and produce, communicate and use credible and usable climate information.

The project will focus on southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay and central-eastern Argentina. The regional scale is chosen because climate impacts and feedbacks are most strongly perceived at regional and local scales: these levels are where adaptation will occur and where climate services will be delivered. This multi-national, multi-disciplinary network will contribute to provide a solid foundation for a Regional Climate Center (RCC) proposed to the U.N. World Meteorological Organization.

Innovative science and influential policy dialogues for water security in the arid Americas (CRN 3056)

CRA_005

Project information

Christopher Scott (cascott@email.arizona.edu)
University of Arizona, USA
Nov 2014/ Oct 2017, USD 800,000
USA, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico

Results Activities Outreach Investigators Students Executive summary

This project builds up on a previous IAI project: Towards an integrated assessment of water security under global change in the Americas (SGP-CRA 005)

Results

This is a summary of the most salient project results. For further information see the project website, project papers or contact the investigators directly.

The team is engaged in collection and processing of hydro-bio-climatological data and models for Arizona (U.S.) and Sonora (Mexico); classifying land cover changes, estimating vegetation water use by NDVI; mapping at high resolution using a “hot/ cold” pixel evaluation to provide temperature, evapotranspiration, sensible heat flux, and vegetation indices.

In Chile, the biophysical monitoring is to be linked with social-institutional analyses, regional drought detection and understanding.

In Argentina, similarly no results are reported yet. A Climate Extreme Index for rural adaptability combining environmental exposure data with sensitivity indicators and adaptive capacity is being designed. A comparative analysis of land use change and water insecurity between the Mendoza and Tunuyán river basins is based on a review of bibliography and local case studies on land use, cover and water insecurity.

Critical productive sectors have been identified where producers’ vulnerability is determined by: actual extreme climate change; low profitability; reliance on technological efficiencies over other ways of adaptation; institutional fragmentation on management of soils, sources of water, and supply and demand of irrigation water; and deficiencies in the transfer of information about climate, water, markets and production.

In Mexico, secondary data were combined with semi-structured interviews of irrigation district farmers to provide information about land, crops, irrigation methods, and challenges related to a 26% reduction in water availability in the district’s reservoir system during the past 50 years and a further 20% loss in 2010-11.

A prolonged drought has reduced water in Rio Yaqui reservoirs by 24%, which irrigation district representatives attribute to climate change which has also reduced the ‘cold hours’ and thereby reduced wheat yields by up to 30 percent under a fungus invasion. Bad wheat crops are a driving the introduction of double cropping using groundwater. Higher temperatures further increase use of irrigation and reliance on decreasing groundwater.

To provide input to the World Water Council, a survey on water security in Arizona and Sonora was distributed to 102 respondents to address: variability (drought and flood), and adaptation to water insecurity including supply-demand balancing, equity/access and environmental flow requirements; infrastructure and management of reservoirs; adaptive management such as groundwater storage/recovery, water reuse, allocation, risk and insurance; legal frameworks, agency mandates and coordination, financing, institutional learning; and resilience to disturbances.

This showed that the most vulnerable producers depend on public policies to continue producing and living in the countryside. Increased water-use efficiency can cause new vulnerabilities and loss of resilience. Water is an opportunity for science-policy dialogues to reduce vulnerabilities. Climate change adaptation through “reasonable efficiency” can be improved through cultural and farming tasks without the need for large investments.

Activities

International water conference: Strategic decisions in the management of demand, 3 August 2016, Mendoza, Argentina

Outreach

el-imparcial-scott-300Researchers from Sonora and Arizona develop water projects – 25 August 2015 – El Imparcial, Sonora, Mexico (in Spanish)

Francisco Meza highlighted the importance and consequences of climate change, CNN Chile, 22 September 2014

Francisco Meza addresses drought in Chile and El Niño, CNN Chile, 25 April 2014

Inter-network coordination for the generation of strategic knowledge. Addressing global environmental change from the social sciences

Directors: Paula Mussetta and Facundo Martin
Instituto de Ciencias Humanas, Sociales y Ambientales (INCIHUSA), Mendoza.

El avance de la interdisciplina en la ciencia del cambio ambiental global se ve obstaculizado entre otros factores- por la falta de desarrollos conceptuales que permitan formular los problemas de investigación de cambio global desde una perspectiva teórica integradora de las ciencias sociales y las naturales. El proyecto pretende contribuir a salvar ese déficit desarrollando un think-tank científico que articula una producción intelectual colectiva que revisa marcos conceptuales existentes y explora campos que habiliten abordajes innovadores, en búsqueda de una plataforma conceptual que -desde las ciencias sociales- robustezca las investigaciones interdisciplinarias sobre cambio ambiental global.

Project investigators

Christopher Scott (cascott@email.arizona.edu)
University of Arizona, USA

Francisco J. Meza (fmeza@uc.cl)
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile

Alfredo Ribeiro Neto (alfredoribeiro@ufpe.br)
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil

Facundo Damíán Martín García (fdmartingarcia@gmail.com)

Paula Cecilia Mussetta (pcmussetta@gmail.com)
CONICET, Argentina

Nicolás Pineda (npineda@colson.edu.mx)

Rolando Enrique Díaz Caravantes (diazrol@gmail.com)
El Colegio de Sonora, Mexico

Willem van Leeuwen (leeuw@email.arizona.edu)

Margaret Wilder (mwilder@email.arizona.edu)

Carl Bauer (cjbauer@email.arizona.edu)

Robert Varady (rvarady@email.arizona.edu)
University of Arizona, USA

Students
America Lutz Ley, PHD, University of Arizona, Mexico
César Ferrer, PHD, INCIHUSA-CONICET, Argentina
Dolores Lettelier, Post Doctorate, INCIHUSA-CONICET, Argentina
Hernán González, PHD, INCIHUSA-CONICET, Argentina
Jorge Ivars, PHD, INCIHUSA-CONICET, Argentina
Lisa Huttenlocher, Undergraduate, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
Melanie Oertel, Doctorate, Germany
Robin Larsimont , PHD, INCIHUSA-CONICET,Belgium
Roy Petrakis , Master, American Geophysical Union, USA
Sophia Borgia , PHD, University of Arizona, USA
Tomás Manzur , PHD, INCIHUSA-CONICET, Argentina
Yulia Peralta , PHD, University of Arizona, Mexico

Executive summary

With an emphasis on water security, this network of researchers and policymakers will address multiple uncertainties in hydroclimatic and land-cover variability, water-resource use, and institutional change. Its goal is to strengthen decision-making under uncertainty in five principal river basins (Maipo/CL, Mendoza/AR, Capibaribe/BR, Sonora/MX, and Santa Cruz/US), all of which experience urban-rural competition for water. This project will allow investigators to extend research, engagement, and lessons learned to five analogue basins (Elqui/CL, Tunuyán/AR, Pajeú/BR, Yaqui/MX, and San Bernardino/US). The analogues have been selected for temporal trends, spatial patterns, and water security/ competition gradients.Continue Reading

Intensive training program in management of social-ecological systems to support decision-making (CRN 3097)

Haciendo síntesis

Project information

Patricia Balvanera (pbalvanera@cieco.unam.mx)
Feb 2014/ Feb 2015, USD 98,490




Results Activities Outreach Investigators Executive Summary Photos

Results

This is a summary of the most salient project results. For further information see the project website, project papers or contact the investigators directly.

CRN3097 (Balvanera) developed a short course on environmental research and management documenting the dynamics of establishing transdisciplinarity. A research project was co-designed over 8 afternoons between course participants, an NGO working in the Monarch Biosphere Reserve and inhabitants of the study area. Data were collected with support from the NGO, and analyzed in a hierarchically nested structure.

The project developed a “socio-ecosystem” approach which required transdiscipline to frame and understand the tasks, and a willingness for participatory and adaptive intervention by the participants. An important principle of complementarity emerged, because reality cannot be described from a single point of view or discipline. Complementary approaches with framings from different disciplines and stakeholders provide a more complete and coherent analysis. This course experience was synthesized into a guide for designing interdisciplinary courses published in Spanish on the IAI web site.

The resulting student project provided a scenario analysis for the park which showed differences in evapotranspiration that would cause 20% more (erosive) run-off under a non-conservative deforestation. This was accompanied by social surveys on the variability of water supply (most experience this); access to water (further from the source, leaks and theft reduce availability and newcomers are less likely to have access than community members); and on rules on water distribution established and enforced by the community.

Combining the understanding of ecosystem function and social vulnerabilities, the design of adaptive management options included sustainable ecosystem management practices, participative communication and education strategies, redesign of some community rules, technical maintenance interventions and bureaucratic (permitting) changes.

The experience of the course on environmental research and management documenting the dynamics of establishing transdisciplinarity) in CRN3097 (Balvanera) was synthesized into a guide for designing interdisciplinary courses published in Spanish on the IAI web site. It has seen 7730 downloads, and the IAI facebook page of the guide has been seen 17,000 times and 135 times shared. In May and June of 2016, 8 months after its publication, it still saw 183 downloads, showing its continued interest.

Project activities

Given the difficulties to approach the complex relationship between society and nature, efforts to solve environmental problems have generally been unsuccessful. Here we suggest that a holistic “socio-ecosystem” approach by the sciences could help diminish these difficulties by embracing four kinds of changes:
i) ontological, which introduces the concept of “socio-ecosystem”;
ii) epistemological, which proposes transdiscipline as the way to understand them,
iii) methodological, which suggests that in intervention in them must be participatory and adaptive,
iv) institutional changes that would facilitate the adoption of this approach.
This is then followed by a description of a transdisciplinary work experience in the Zitácuaro river basin, in Mexico, in the context of an international course on socio-ecosystem management.

guia4crn3097 A guide for designing interdisciplinary courses. Lessons learned during the course on decision-making relating social-ecological systems
(available only in Spanish)

Click on the image to download the PDF file.

Project Outreach

Transdisciplinary studies in socio-ecosystems: Theoretical considerations and its application in Latin American contexts
(in Spanish)

Ortega Uribe et al, 2014, Estudios transdisciplinarios en socio-ecosistemas- reflexiones teóricas y su aplicación en contextos latinoamericanos, Investigación ambiental 6 (2), INECC, México, pag.123-136

Project investigators

Patricia Balvanera (pbalvanera@cieco.unam.mx)
Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (Mexico)

Executive summary

Future interdisciplinary collaboration across the Americas to support decision-making is needed and can be fostered through capacity building. We will offer a theoretical and practical intensive course to 40 students to strengthen current and foster the creation of future research networks on management of social-ecological systems. Students will be selected to cover a range of training stages (undergraduate to postdoctoral), background (natural and social sciences), countries, and insertion into on-going regional and global research initiatives.

The course will introduce the basic concepts and analytical tools from the natural and social sciences for interdisciplinary studies on social-ecological systems and present current progress and challenges in trans-disciplinary research in agroecosystems and community forest management. A short problem oriented research project will be co-designed and undertaken in a nearby site by students and members of a local Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) and local rural communities.

The deliverables are: i) group research project report for the NGO and the local authorities and inhabitants (in Spanish), ii) individual evaluations of the course from each of the students, iiI) evaluation of the successes and limitations and future opportunities of the course by the team of investigators, iv) collective paper for a policy oriented journal on the group research project (in Spanish). The capacity building exercise aims at strengthening ongoing and fostering future interdisciplinary research across the Americas.

Photos

Figure 1: Characteristics of the IAI scholars who attended the interdisciplinary course.

Morning sessions discussing papers




Group work before lunch
and learning from each other


Brainstorming helps to integrate the ideas of every participant
relaxed atmosphere helps to create a good feeling in the group




The field work consisted of two intense days in the study area whereby course participants applied in-depth interviews and surveys about water accessibility, quality, and governance



The data that were collected in the field are now being analyzed and summarized in order to be presented to Alternare, the outline of the article has been agreed upon and the characteristics of the network are being defined.

Advancing good practices in building interdisciplinarity: moving towards user-oriented science (CRN 3101)

Project information

Marcelo Saguier (msaguier@flacso.org.ar)
Andrea K. Gerlak (agerlak@u.arizona.edu)
Área de Relaciones Internacionales, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) (Argentina)
Feb 2014/ Feb 2017, USD 125,000

Executive Summary

Executive Summary

To address global change, interdisciplinary research must link scientific knowledge to policy applications and be focused on user and result-oriented problem solving. New insights and practical guidance are needed to improve the mobilization of knowledge and interdisciplinary problem and solution-oriented projects. Continue Reading

Interdisciplinary science team skill building through the study of socio-ecological impacts from bioenergy development across the Americas (CRN 3105)

CRN3105

Project information

Kathleen E. Halvorsen (kehalvor@mtu.edu)
Michigan Technological University, USA
Feb 2014/ Feb 2016, USD 199,986
USA, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, Uruguay



Results Outreach Investigators Students Executive Summary

Results

This is a summary of the most salient project results. For further information see the project website, project papers or contact the investigators directly.

CRN3106 (Halvorsen) uses a study of socio-ecological impacts of bioenergy development for building skills in interdisciplinary team work.

In collaboration with an NSF PIRE team, they concluded 800 qualitative interviews and 1000 quantitative surveys on the impacts of bioenergy projects in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, and the USA. Ecologists collected data on bioenergy impacts on birds and pollinators in Argentina, Brazil and Mexico. Analysis is ongoing.

Successes of the interdisciplinary team work were in
– knowledge generation: published one article, another under review, a third in prep.
– funding: developed a proposal that met and challenged funder criteria, developed subcontracts, and generated a student proposal for IAI Seed Grant
– team functioning: a large number of interactions and the retention of team members over 2 years, all from different disciplines of social, natural and engineering sciences: 10 scientist and 8 students, remained engaged and competent to listen/read in English and Spanish and speak/write in English or Spanish.
– public outreach: developed a free, live, online workshop on transdisciplinary, international scientific teamwork and proposal development.

Further success metrics for policy and management outcomes, and data and product creatio categories are being developed. The team building research aims to assist in policy improvements designed to increase sustainable energy benefits, while enhancing socioecological resilience, and minimizing negative impacts.

Project Outreach

Forest-related bioenergy is an important tool for rural economic development and climate change mitigation, but like all energy sources, there are tradeoffs. This video is a snapshot of our transdisciplinary, international scientific team’s annual meeting to coordinate our research together studying the tradeoffs of bioenergy projects. Our NSF PIRE/IAI CRN3 team includes NGO staff and social, natural, and engineering scientists from Brazil, Canada, Mexico, Uruguay, Argentina, and the United States. Ben Jaczszak and Allison Mills at MTU who are uncredited in the film per university policy – Ben was the videographer who shot the film and Allison is our MTU writer who helped develop ideas for the film and helped with editing.

campoTransdisciplinary, International Scientific Teamwork and Proposal Development Workshop on Global Environmental Issues (click here to see workshop details)

Project investigators

Amarella Eastmond (eastmondspencer.amarella@gmail.com)
Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Mexico

Julian Licata (julianlicata@hotmail.com)
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina

Rodrigo Medeiros (rmedeiros@conservation.org)
Conservation International, Brazil

Valentín Picasso (vpicasso@gmail.com)
Universidad de la República, Uruguay

Dana Wilson (dwilson@laurentian.ca)
Laurentian University, Canada

Students

Amanda Frado, Master, Laurentian University, Canada.
Colin Phifer, PHD, Michigan Technological University, USA.
Erin Pischke, PHD, Michigan Technological University, USA.
German Mendez, Master, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Mexico.
Pablo Cavigliasso, PHD, INTA, Argentina.
Patricia Primo, Master, Universidad de la República, Uruguay.
Ronesha Strozier, Master, Michigan Technological University, USA.
Tamara Propato, Undergraduate, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Tatiana Martins, Master, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Executive Summary

This project tests hypotheses with regard to the effectiveness of interdisciplinary (ID) science teamwork skill building strategies in changing scientists’ beliefs about ID science teamwork, increasing their self-perceived ID science teamwork efficacy, and creating effective ID science teamwork to study global change problems.

Our six-country ID scientific team will meet monthly via conference call, biannually in weeklong in-person meetings and through fieldwork rotating across our countries, and will conduct an ID scientific study of the socio-ecological impacts of bioenergy development within our home countries and across our six bioenergy cases. We will use qualitative interviews, pre- and post-meeting and project quantitative surveys, and assessment of project outputs to assess the impacts of our training and work together. Our findings will be disseminated to the international global change research community through peer reviewed journal articles in English and Spanish, our publicly available short course, and our multi-lingual webpage.