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Urban responses to climate change in Latin America
Editor: Roberto Sánchez Rodríguez
PDF (in Spanish)

Launched on 10th December 2013 – Mexico City – National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (INECC)

This books aims at providing useful reference to local, state and national authorities and planners as well as to a wide range of other urban stakeholders seeking to establish responses to climate change in urban areas of Latin America. The objectives of this publication are to help urban stakeholders to keep in mind the interactions that exist between climate and urban areas – how cities affect climate and how climate affects cities; as well as to help them find ways to include responses to climate variability and change (mitigation, vulnerability reduction and adaptation) in their everyday work using state-of-the-art scientific knowledge.

During the event the main ideas of each chapter were presented: Climate change and urban areas in Latin America; climate information in the planning of urban development and growth; the role of urban areas in the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions; vulnerability and adaptation to climate change; building capacities for urban responses to climate variability and change and Air in the public agenda of the Autonomous city of Buenos Aires, a case study.

The value of ecosystem services. Concepts, tools and applications in territorial planning
Editors: Pedro Laterra, Esteban G. Jobbagy and José M. Paruelo
PDF (en español)

Botany and Ecology of Monocotyledons in the Venezuelan Paramos
The cooperative research project CRN-040 studied the effects of global change on high mountains and the savanna. It produced data bases on the plant biodiversity, ecology, taxonomy, world and local distribution, altitudinal range, human uses, etc in these two ecosystems. Part of this research, documenting the great biodiversity of Monocotyledons in the high tropical mountains of Venezuela, is now published in Spanish, in two volumes on 778 pages:

Three ULA professors have published a book on biodiversity “Botany and Ecology of Monocotyledons in the Venezuelan Paramos”, editors are professors Gilberto Morillo (School of Forest Sciences), Benito Briceño (Botany Dept., School of Sciences) and Juan F. Silva (ICAE, School of Sciences).

The book describes the diversity of monocotyledon plant species in the Venezuelan paramos and their ecotones, gathering for the first time ever an enormous amount of scattered information and providing new botanical and ecological data. It depicts 22 families, 141 genera and almost 600 species, profusely illustrated with drawings and photos. The first volume includes two introduction chapters, one on the ecosystem of the Paramo and the other one on Monocotyledons, followed by six chapters devoted to one family each. The second volume is composed of 16 chapters which describe the remaining families and three additional sections: a general literature list, a glossary of botanical and ecological terms as well as a general index of families, genera and species.

For each species the authors have included: botanical description, world and national distribution (including all paramo sites), altitudinal ranges, ecology, phenology, anatomy and ethnobotany. When necessary, the current taxonomic status is discussed and the different perspective of experts and herbariums helps readers to understand such dynamic issues. The book makes it possible to quickly find the descriptions and illustrations, complementarily keys to the families and genera as well as a extensive literature are included. The editors and authors of the book are experts with many years’ experience in research on the plants and ecology of the paramos.


Climate Change and Biodiversity in the Tropical Andes
Sponsored by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the IAI has conducted a 2 year assessment of the interactions between climate change and biodiversity in the tropical Andes, and of the regional capacities to address issues of research, mitigation and adaptation. The resulting book, co-produced with the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) is the first comprehensive state-of-the-art appraisal for the region.

The tropical Andes are probably richer in biodiversity than any comparable area on Earth: the interactions between the species that make up the diverse and wonderful array of ecosystems in the area must therefore be even more complex than they are elsewhere. The area's species are suffering from a devastating onslaught that is related to human population growth and its consequences, a major one of which, the subject of this impressive volume, is climate change. Changes in average temperature will be accompanied by large fluctuations and long-lasting changes in the distribution and amount of precipitation and the elevation of clouds in the region. This book presents the first ever synthesis of the biogeographical patterns as well as the first comprehensive assessment of how climate change is expected to affect tropical Andean biodiversity. The consequences of these factors for conservation planning and adaptation strategies are both timely and of fundamental importance. All those cocerned about the biodiversity of the region and its future will find that this book contains a rich storehouse of material of great interest for them.

The whole book and individual chapters are available in pdf on the IAI and SCOPE websites. [Whole book (8.4 Mega), Chapter download page]

A Spanish version is also available. [Whole book (3 Mega), Chapter download page]

Manual of Methods: Human, Ecological and Biophysical Dimensions of Tropical Dry Forests - developed by the IAI Collaborative Research Network for the study of Tropical Dry Forests in the Americas, Editors: Jafet M. Nassar, Jon Paul Rodríguez, Arturo Sánchez-Azofeifa, Theresa Garvin, Mauricio Quesada.
This book was developed as a manual of methods designed specifically for tropical dry forests with emphasis on the topics included in the IAI project, but it has wide application potential, as the global change questions addressed with these methods are similar to other terrestrial ecosystems. The book describes a wide range of methods: ecological (ecosystem structure, soil microbiology, phenology, biotic interactions), remote sensing (spatial information, image processing), and social science (human-ecosystems relationships, socio-economic indicators, and environmental policy). Emphasis is on the dynamics of the systems investigated, so that the analyses provide a picture of the processes of deterioration and/or recovery of heavily disturbed systems.

Atlas of the Patagonian Sea
The Patagonian Sea is a highly productive oceanic ecosystem in the South-Western Atlantic which is plentiful in species of high aesthetic, ecological and economic value. This Atlas summarizes research on how 16 species of top predators make use of the Patagonian Sea ecosystem. Among them are such charismatic species as albatrosses, petrels, penguins, sea lions and elephant seals. They are all top predators of the Patagonian Sea and require a lot of space and resources. This makes them vulnerable to human activities; hence, they are good indicators of the status of conservation of the Sea.

Atlas web page: www.atlas-marpatagonico.org

The site makes it possible to build comparative series of up to six maps, showing species distributions and oceanographic variables. The web Atlas allows identifying areas that are relevant to biodiversity at an ecosystem scale, for the design of ocean protected areas, the bio-regionalization of the sea and the conservation of species. It will be updated with relevant information, and aims at becoming a useful tool to promote conservation action.

Applying Ecological Knowledge to Landuse Decisions
This book synthesizes the knowledge and experience of several of the IAI's collaborative research networks on terrestrial ecosystems, forests, grasslands, agriculture and river margins, and explores how this may be used to guide decisions on landuse.

Urbanization, Global Environmental Change, and Sustainable Development in Latin America
The present and future of Latin America is intrinsically associated with the development of its urban areas.Over 75% of the continent's population resides in cities. Urban areas represent a dynamic link between Latin American societies and global, social, economic, political, and environmental processes. This book looks at interactions between global environmental change and urbanization at local, regional, and global scales, under a comprehensive, integrated perspective. It emphasizes global change both as a driver and an outcome of human (economic, political, cultural, and social) and physical (urban structure, expansion, and land use) processes in urban areas.
(English, Spanish)

Communicating Global Change Science to Society: An Assessment and Case Studies
Governments and scientists may be equally concerned with global environmental change, but their interests - and their timelines - are not the same. While governments tend to focus on short-term effects and local impacts of global phenomena, scientists are reluctant to engage in speculation about the specific consequences of large-scale environmental trends. How can we communicate science and translate understanding of these trends into public policy? This book examines the growing number of instances in which governments and scientists have engaged in research projects in which the goal is to inform policy decisions. It assesses these experiences and discusses implications for future collaborations.


Publication list of the scientific projects

IDRC (International Development Research Centre)

CRN II Program (Collaborative Research Network, Round II)

» CRN2005 - From landscape to ecosystem: across-scales functioning in changing environments

» CRN2014 - AMFOODS: Functional links between aboveground changes and belowground activity with land use in the Americas: soil biodiversity and food security

» CRN2015 - DIVERSUS: Functional biodiversity effects on ecosystem processes, ecosystem services and sustainability in the Americas: an interdisciplinary approach

» CRN2017 - SAEMC: South American emissions, megacities and climate

» CRN2021 - TROPI-DRY: Human, ecological and biophysical dimensions of tropical dry forest

» CRN2031 - Land use change in the Rio de la Plata Basin: linking biophysical and human factors to understand trends, assess impacts, and support viable strategies for the future

» CRN2048 - Tropical cyclones: current characteristics and potential changes under a warmer climate

» CRN2050 - Paleotempestology of the caribbean region: A multi-proxy, multi-site study of the spatial and temporal variability of Caribbean hurricane activity

» CRN2060 - Effective adaptation strategies and risk reduction towards economic and climatic shocks: lessons from the coffee crisis in Mesoamerica

» CRN2076 - SACC: An international consortium for the study of oceanic related global and climate changes in South America

» CRN2094 - The impact of land cover and land use changes (LCLUC) on the hydroclimate of the La Plata Basin

CRN I Program(Collaborative Research Network, Round I)

» 2002 to 2006

CRN I Program(Collaborative Research Network, Round I)

» 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003


ISP I (Initial Science Program, Round I)

(SOURCE: IAI Annual Report 1999-2000) » Published Publications. Click here to see the list.
» Accepted in Press Publications. Click here to see the list.
» Submitted Publications. not listed.


ISP II (Initial Science Program, Round II)

(SOURCE: IAI Annual Report 1999-2000) » Published Publications. Click here to see the list.
» Accepted in Press Publications. not listed.
» Submitted Publications. Click here to see the list.


ISP III (Initial Science Program, Round III)

(SOURCE: IAI Annual Report 1999-2000) » Published Publications. Click here to see the list.
» Accepted in Press Publications. Click here to see the list.
» Submitted Publications. Click here to see the list.


Initial Science Program Books

» "New Perspectives on Nitrogen Cycling in the Temperate and Tropical Americas". Report of the International SCOPE Nitrogen Project. Click here to purchase this book. (ISP I-3)

» "The Nitrogen Cycle at Regional to Global Scales". Click here to purchase this book. (ISP I-3)

» "Clean Coastal Waters: Understanding and Reducing the Effects of Nutrient Pollution" (2000).

» Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources (CGER)". Click here to read this book on-line. (ISP I-3)


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