|Revista de geografía Norte Grande, v. 45: 51-62
Carrizo, S.C. and Ramousse, D.
|IAI La Plata_basin
The Northwest of Argentina and the South of Bolivia share a gas-rich basin, an energetic resource highly valued by the North of Chile. This limiting region has had historical complications regarding its relation to national projects and possibilities of territorial autonomy. In the long term, the study of energetic dynamics and regional integration reveals the political-economic disputes that encourage and restrain hydrocarbon production alternatively. At the moment, national States seek the regulation of oil activity to limit the power of foreign companies. On their part, local governments are trying to increase their benefits from hydrocarbon related activity and to favour investments. Because of this, relations between local governments and an array of actors, dominated by transnational companies, are reinforced. The historical relationship between local and national public powers with powerful private actors increases the vulnerability of these marginal territories and societies that suffer the consequences of exploitation of their natural resources.