Interannual-to-multidecadal Hydroclimate Variability and itsSectoral Impacts in northeastern Argentina

Published in Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, v. 22(6):3155–3174

Lovino, Miguel A., Müller, Omar V., Müller, Gabriela V., Sgroi, Leandro C., Baethgen, Walter E.

Publication year 2018
IAI Program


IAI Project CRN3035
PDFInterannual-to-multidecadal hydroclimate variability and its.pdf


style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51) font-family: sans-serif,Arial,Verdana,"Trebuchet MS" font-size: 13px font-style: normal font-variant: normal font-weight: 400 letter-spacing: normal orphans: 2 text-align: left text-decoration: none text-indent: 0px text-transform: none -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px white-space: normal word-spacing: 0px">This study examines the joint variability of precipitation, river streamflow and temperature over northeastern Argentina advances the understanding of their links with global SST forcing and discusses their impacts on water resources, agriculture and human settlements. The leading patterns of variability, and their nonlinear trends and cycles are identified by means of a principal component analysis (PCA) complemented with a singular spectrum analysis (SSA). Interannual hydroclimatic variability centers on two broad frequency bands: one of 2.5&ndash6.5 years corresponding to El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) periodicities and the second of about 9 years. The higher frequencies of the precipitation variability (2.5&ndash4 years) favored extreme events after 2000, even during moderate extreme phases of the ENSO. Minimum temperature is correlated with ENSO with a main frequency close to 3 years. Maximum temperature time series correlate well with SST variability over the South Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans with a 9-year frequency. Interdecadal variability is characterized by low-frequency trends and multidecadal oscillations that have induced a transition from dryer and cooler climate to wetter and warmer decades starting in the mid-twentieth century. The Paraná River streamflow is influenced by North and South Atlantic SSTs with bidecadal periodicities.